Manufacturing of Nd:Gd3Ga5O12 ridge waveguide lasers by pulsed laser deposition and ultrafast laser micromachining

J. Gottmann, D. Wortmann, I. Vasilief, L. Moiseev, D. Ganser
Appl. Surf. Sci. Vol. 254, No. 4, pp. 1105-1110

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Laser radiation for deposition of laser active thin films and for micro structuring to define wave guiding structures for fabrication of waveguide lasers. Thin films of crystalline and amorphous Neodymium doped Gd3Ga5O12 are grown on single crystal Yttrium Aluminium garnet by pulsed laser deposition using Eximer laser radiation. Manufacturing of the laser active waveguides by micro-structuring is done using femtosecond laser ablation of the deposited films. The structural and optical properties of the films and the morphology of the structured waveguides are determined in view of the design and the fabrication of compact and efficient diode pumped waveguide lasers. The resulting waveguides are polished, provided with resonator mirrors, pumped using diode lasers and the waveguide lasers are characterized. The spectroscopic properties of the amorphous waveguide are investigated and an infrared waveguide laser is demonstrated. To our knowledge, there have been no reports by other groups of the successful operation of structured waveguide laser fabricated by this technique or of a waveguide laser made from amorphous Neodymium doped Gd3Ga5O12.

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